As many of us know, our world demands things at a rapid pace. In turn, we are placing higher demands in the wireless technology field to have information readily at our hands. As the world becomes more connected, wireless technology companies are combatting this demand by developing 5G technology. So what exactly is this 5G technology that has been the topic of conversation?
The term 5G is essentially the 5th generation of wireless technology in the telecommunications world. This new generation is supposed to bring a wide array of new technology for the wireless community. Technology that boasts higher speed and lower latency. In addition to increased responsiveness and the ability for higher connectivity which would allow more devices to be connected.
The New York Times defines 5G as “a set of technical ground rules that define the workings of a cellular network, including the radio frequencies used and how various components like computer chips and antennas handle radio signals and exchange data.”
This technology is designed to replace our current generation of devices and more. This new generation will produce results in which users can expect faster download times and transmissions of images and videos. In turn, this should result in shorter delays/ lag time while utilizing 5G data.
With that being said, you do not need to rush to your local phone/ computer store at this time to purchase new devices. Major wireless technology providers are working on evolving this technology and having devices that will support both 4G and 5G technology. An Article by PC Magazine mentions, “4G will continue to improve with time, as well. The Qualcomm X24 modem, which will be built into most 2019 Android flagship phones, will support 4G speeds up to 2Gbps. The real advantages of 5G will come in massive capacity and low latency, beyond the levels 4G technologies can achieve.” Wireless companies will continue to develop the systems and technology necessary to bring forth this new generation of technology. It is right around the corner!
According to PC Magazine, 5G uses the combination of cell sites to help get information to us faster. “Like other cellular networks, 5G networks use a system of cell sites that divide their territory into sectors and send encoded data through radio waves.” Each cell site must be connected to a network backbone, whether through a wired or wireless backhaul connection.” This combination of cell sites will allow faster transactions of data in which frequencies will be utilized to help transmit this data.
Frequencies matter when it comes to 5G developments. 5G can be broken down into two subsection frequencies- below and above 6 GHz. The two frequencies will be essential to understand as determining what frequency transfer data on could be crucial to the successfulness of receiving data. In layman’s terms, determining how fast/ efficiently you would like your data to come to you/ your company.
Furthermore, wireless companies are thinking about how to get information to consumers in a variety of ways. PC Magazine notes, “5 G networks need to be much smarter than previous systems, as they’re juggling many more, smaller cells that can change size and shape.” But even with existing macro cells, Qualcomm says 5G will be able to boost capacity by four times over current systems by leveraging wider bandwidths and advanced antenna technologies.
These companies are thinking about how to use smarter technology to get information to you much faster! By having cells that can be changed to meet demands, this helps find the right 5G technology to suit your needs.
Carriers are also looking into how they can adapt their thinking about frequencies to get information to us sooner. They can do this by using something called a millimeter wave. To get super-high, multi-gigabit speeds, carriers are first turning to newer, much higher frequencies, known as millimeter wave. Down in the existing cellular bands, only relatively narrow channels are available because that spectrum is so busy and heavily used. But up at 28GHz and 39GHz, there are big, broad swathes of range available to create big channels for very high speeds.” By utilizing this area of the spectrum, they are hoping to open up more space for technology to use.
As major carriers begin to roll out 5G technology, T-Mobile has recently hit the news being questioned for its choice to “pump the breaks.” Contractors have reported, “getting calls from T-Mobile’s market managers informing them that most purchase orders they had for new builds and 5G upgrades were going to be put on hold until 2020 unless materials for the project were sitting in a warehouse.” This results in a mega-chain of money for these contractors, who were relying on developing these purchase orders. Some are blaming this halt on the delays in T- Mobiles merger with Sprint, resulting in less funding than expected for these projects. Meanwhile, AT&T and other carriers seem to forecast business as usual when rolling out their new 5G wireless technologies.
5G Technology will continue to be in the news as systems develop and carriers begin to onboard new technologies. This is something to keep an eye on as this technology is on the rise!
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