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What is Invoice Factoring?
A financing solution for companies to help bridge the cash-flow gap.

What is Invoice Factoring?

Invoice Factoring Is Your Cash-Flow Solution

Invoice factoring is a type of financing many companies use to get access to cash that is normally tied up in their receivables. Also referred to as accounts-receivable financing or receivables factoring, invoice factoring is when companies sell their accounts receivables (invoices) to a third party known as a factoring company. Instead of waiting 30, 60 or even 90 days for customer payment, these companies receive immediate cash while the factoring company awaits payment.

Invoice factoring provides companies the cash they need to not only operate their business, but also to grow. Factoring is not a loan, so there is no debt incurred. The cash received from invoice factoring is based on the credit and payment history of a business’s customers, not that of the business itself. This is one of the many benefits of factoring for companies that might not qualify for traditional lending, or don’t want to increase their debt.

Benefits of Factoring

  • Simple Transaction
  • Provides Immediate Cash
  • Based on Customers’ Credit
  • Doesn’t Add Debt

What is Invoice Factoring?

Invoice factoring is a straightforward process. First, a business enters into an agreement with a factoring company. The business performs their work and creates an invoice as normal. Instead of sending the invoice to their customer, the invoices go to the factoring company. Once the factoring company purchases the invoice, it deposits an advance on the invoice total directly into the business’s bank account within 24 hours. Once the end customer pays the invoice, the factoring company pays the remaining balance, less a small fee.

The Steps of Invoice Factoring

  1. Complete work and billing as normal.
  2. Send the invoice to the factoring company.
  3. Receive the cash advance from the factoring company.
  4. Customer pays the invoice to the factoring company.
  5. Remaining balance, less a fee, is paid to you.

Invoice Factoring vs. Business Loans and Business Lines of Credit

While many businesses turn directly to a bank when they need working capital, the process is not as easy as you might think. The steps involved in getting business loans or business lines of credit can take weeks, or even months. What’s more, a bank loan or line of credit will create debt on your balance sheet. Banks use your company’s credit to qualify the business for business loans and business lines of credit.  Companies with no credit or less-than-perfect credit can’t obtain substantial cash to maintain and grow their business. Even if your business does qualify, there’s a limit to how much you can access, which can hinder your business from growing.

Comparison: Invoice Factoring and Business Loans and Business Lines of Credit

Invoice Factoring Business Loan & Business Lines of Credit
Qualify Based on Your Customers’ Credit Qualify Based on the Credit of Your Business
3-5 Day Application Process 1-2 Month Application Process
Cash within 24 Hours or Less Funding in 1-2 Months
Invoices Serve as Collateral Inventory, Equipment, Assets, Etc., Serve as Collateral
Does Not Create Debt Creates Debt
No Monthly Interest Monthly Interest
Minimal Paperwork to Get Started Extensive Paperwork to Get Started
Free Credit Reports on Your Customers No Credit Services
No Limits – Financing Grows as You Grow Limits – Loan or Line Is Capped

Additional Insights on Invoice Factoring

Invoice Factoring Agreements

At the foundation of a relationship with a factoring company is the factoring agreement. The agreement is the contract between the client and factoring company. These typically include:

  • The length of service;
  • The volume commitment;
  • The advance rate; and
  • The factoring discount (fee).

Length of Factoring Agreements

The term of the contract varies depending on your program. There are contracts written for three months, upwards of six months and others for multiple years. At TCI Business Capital, we even offer month-to-month contract to meet our customers’ needs. Be sure to ask your potential factoring company questions and read through the contract thoroughly prior to signing.

Factoring Volume

Most agreements will include a volume commitment. By committing to factor a specific volume of invoices, a company can receive the maximum advances and lowest rates to optimize their cash needs.

Advances from Factoring Companies

In most cases, factoring companies advance you anywhere from 70 percent and up of the invoice amount. The amount advanced is based on variables such as your customers’ creditworthiness, pay trends and volume. TCI Business Capital offers competitive advance rates. Inquire today to see how much we can advance you.

Factoring Fees

Factoring company fees vary based on items such as volume, the size of your invoices, your industry, customer pay trends and other variables. Some factoring companies charge a flat fee for the service, whereas others may have a factoring fee and additional charges for other administrative and support services they provide. Be sure to read the fine print of your contract so you know exactly how much you’re being charged, and ask questions.

Types of Invoice Factoring Companies

There are many factoring companies in North America. Choosing the right factoring company is key to a successful factoring relationship. A factoring company should be able to meet the cash requirements of the client, and offer services that add value to the factoring relationship.
what is invoice factoring

Factoring Specialist vs. Factoring Generalist

Because invoice factoring has made its way into several industries, companies have divided themselves into either specialists or generalists.

A factoring company that provides financing to multiple industries is referred to as factoring generalist. In most cases, factoring generalists have a client portfolio spread over several industries with the majority of clients being smaller companies.

On the other hand, a factoring specialist usually finances invoices for a specific industry. For example, a factoring company may factor invoices for staffing, but the majority of their business comes from the trucking industry. Most times, the client portfolio is composed of small- to mid-sized companies that are predominantly in one industry.

Recourse vs. Nonrecourse Factoring Companies

Factoring companies are classified as either a recourse or nonrecourse factoring company. It’s important to know the difference between the two when selecting one that works for your business.

Recourse factoring is the most common among factoring companies. With recourse factoring, factoring companies have the right to sell the invoice back to you if payment isn’t made within a time period specified on your agreement. Typically the time frame is 90 days or more.

Conversely, nonrecourse factoring is not common in the accounts-receivable financing industry. Several factoring companies advertise as nonrecourse factoring companies, but the contract’s fine print lists various reasons why an invoice can be exempt. If a factoring company is truly nonrecourse, the factoring company takes on all credit risks for the collection of the invoices you sell it. As a result, you’ll pay much higher fees and experience more stringent credit reviews as compared to recourse factoring.

Value-Added Services

The need for cash is why most businesses enter into a factoring relationship.  In addition to improved cash flow, a factoring company may offer value-added services which can strengthen the client’s business. Take a look at some of the value-added services we offer below.

  • Credit Analysis and Risk Assessment: A prospective customer presents new opportunities, but do they pay their bills?  Knowing the credit history and payment trends of potential customers gives insight into the quality of the potential customer.
  • Treasury Services and Online Reporting: Funds are advanced to clients via ACH deposit, wire transactions or even check. Online reporting of all transactions is a valuable line of communication.
  • Collection Expertise: TCI Business Capital provides a dedicated account collector to give your customers friendly reminders about payment on an invoice.
  • Discount Programs & Savings Opportunities: Many factoring companies have programs clients can use to save money on business expenses and supplies. The savings from these programs can be significant, allowing companies to allocate these savings elsewhere.

what is invoice factoring

Invoice Factoring Services from TCI Business Capital

Since 1994, TCI Business Capital has provided best-in-class factoring services to thousands of small- to mid-sized companies across the United States and Canada. We offer reliable cash-flow solutions, enabling companies to meet the challenges and opportunities they face.

Our customers work on the front lines of North America’s growth sectors. They choose us for the working capital they need because they can’t always get sufficient financing from a bank or they don’t want added debt. Because of our creative finance solutions, we can provide cash to businesses in a wide range of industries.

Our easy-to-set-up factoring lines allow customers access to the working capital they need, quickly and easily. Approvals can be done in 15 minutes and funding within 24 hours. We distinguish ourselves from others through our get-it-done culture, reliability, flexibility and award-winning customer service.